Stan Williams Image: Two deer walking into the forest

Re-Affirming Indigenous Citizenships: Two Spirit Family-Making and the Future of Belonging

In the 35 years since Section 10 band membership codes began allowing First Nations to control their membership lists, an increasing number of people have challenged the ways their communities determine belonging. Authors of this brief show that two-spirit families are ushering in a new era of challenges that bring Section 10 heteropatriachy to the fore.