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2023 marks eight years since the release of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission’s 94 Calls to Action.

This year also marks the fifth year of authors Eva Jewell and Ian Mosby tracking Canada’s progress on completing the Truth and Reconciliation Commission’s 94 Calls to Action. In this edition of their annual Calls to Action Accountability analysis, Jewell and Mosby reflect on the past five years of reconciliatory movements in Canada. What barriers to reconciliation have been witnessed? What has compelled Canada to act? Who has pushed progress on these Calls to Action forward? By framing reconciliation in 2023 against the backdrop of trends seen in the last several years, Jewell and Mosby identify the ongoing issue of inaction on reconciliation and what it means for the future of accountability work.


What trends can be observed in the past 5 years of Canada’s attempts at reconciliation? How many Calls to Action have been completed in 2023 and why is progress so slow? 



Calls to Action Accountability: A 2022 Status Update on Reconciliation


Calls to Action Accountability: A 2021 Status Update on Reconciliation


Calls to Action Accountability: A 2020 Status Update on Reconciliation


Calls to Action Accountability: A 2019 Status Update on Reconciliation

In the short time we have been annually observing Canada’s record on its supposed progress, we’ve held the tension of the promise of reconciliation with the actual reality — exacerbated by the deep chasm between the two and frustrated by the discrepancy between inaction and Canada’s fantastical myths of benevolence.


Eva Jewell Headshot

Eva Jewell

Deshkan Ziibiing Anishinaabekwe (Chippewas of the Thames First Nation)


Ian Mosby Headshot

Ian Mosby


Victoria Ransom

Mohawk of Akwesasne