As Canada moves towards a strategy of sectoral self-governance—slowly deconstructing the Indian Act rather than negotiating all-encompassing self-governance agreements—the management of reserve lands is becoming a critical component of the First Nations Land Management regime and a supposed means for First Nations to ‘catch up’ to the speed of business and build prosperity for their communities. This report, authored by Shalene Jobin and Emily Riddle, examines these three questions and more: What are the benefits of the FNLMA regime and the threats? How are communities transformed through the land code process? Does FNLMA represent a substantive form of self-determination?

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